As you both have made clear, climate change is a very serious problem. We must address climate change by decarbonizing our energy supply. A critical first step is to stop making climate change worse by tapping into disproportionately carbon-intensive energy sources like tar sands bitumen. The Keystone XL pipeline will drive expansion of the energy-intensive strip-mining and drilling of tar sands from under Canada’s Boreal forest, increasing global carbon emissions. Keystone XL is a step in the wrong direction.
- Dr. Philip W. Anderson, who won the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physics alongside Sir Nevill Francis Mott and John Hasbrouck van Vleck. They won the prize ”for their fundamental theoretical investigations of the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems.”
- Dr. Kenneth J. Arrow, who won the 1972 Nobel Prize in Economics (officially titled “The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel”) alongside John Hicks “for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory.” Dr. Arrow has had a profound impact on the field of economics, going on to teach five other Nobel prize winners and receiving the National Medal of Science in 2004 – the nation’s highest scientific honor – for his contributions to the field. Dr. Arrow has also served as a convening lead author for IPCC assessments.
- Numerous lead authors and coordinating lead authors for United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment reports.
- Fellows of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) including Dr. James McCarthy, Dr. Richard Norgaard, and Dr. Michael Oppenheimer, and Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada (FRSC) including Dr. Mark Jaccard, Dr. Lawrence Dill, and Dr. Mark Winston. AAAS indicates that “Election as a Fellow of AAAS is an honor bestowed upon members by their peers. Fellows are recognized for meritorious efforts to advance science or its applications.” Fellows of the Royal Society of Canada are “Canadian scholars, artists, and scientists, peer-elected as the best in their field. The fellowship of the RSC comprises distinguished men and women from all branches of learning who have made remarkable contributions in the arts, the humanities and the sciences, as well as in Canadian public life.”
- Winners of Heinz Awards in the Environment, and in the Human Condition – including Dr. Gretchen Daily, Drs. Paul and Anne Ehrlich, Dr. George Woodwell, Dr. James Hansen, and Dr. Michael Oppenheimer. The Heinz Award in the Human Condition “honors individuals who have developed and implemented significant new programs to improve the human condition,” while the Heinz Award in the Environment “honors individuals who like John Heinz, have confronted environmental concerns with a spirit of innovation and who demonstrate the same blend of action and creativity in approaching the protection of our environment.”
- Winners of the Volvo Environment Prize, which is awarded for “Outstanding innovations or scientific discoveries,” including Dr. Paul Ehrlich, who won it jointly with John Holdren (now President Obama’s senior advisor on science and technology issues) in 1993; Dr. George Woodwell (2001), and Gretchen Daily (2012).
- Leading Canadian scientists and economists including Dr. David Suzuki, a renowned geneticist and science broadcaster; Dr. Mark Jaccard, who has contributed a large body of research regarding the design and application of energy-economy models that assess the effectiveness of sustainable energy and climate policies, including serving as a convening lead author for the Global Energy Assessment; and Dr. David Keith, 2006 winner of Canadian Geographic’s “Environmentalist of the Year” – who is both a Harvard Professor and President of a Calgary, Alberta, company that works on ways to capture carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere.
“The total lifecycle emissions associated with production, refining, and combustion of 830,000 bpd of oil sands crude oil is approximately 147 to 168 MMTCO2e per year. The annual lifecycle GHG emissions from 830,000 bpd of the four reference crudes examined in this section are estimated to be 124 to 159 MMTCO2e. The range of incremental GHG emissions for crude oil that would be transported by the proposed Project is estimated to be 1.3 to 27.4 MMTCO2e annually.”