Open water in Arctic Ocean affecting weather patterns around world
- The Arctic Ocean could be largely free of sea ice in the summer as early as 2030 or even before that.
- Arctic temperatures are rising twice as fast as the temperatures in the rest of the world. In the fall of 2016 mean temperatures were 6 degrees higher than average.
- Thawing permafrost that holds 50% of the world's carbon is already affecting northern infrastructure and could release significant amounts of methane into the atmosphere.
- Polar bears, walruses and seals that rely on ice for survival are facing increased stress and disruption.
- Changes in the Arctic may be affecting weather as far away as Southeast Asia.
Open water during winter
Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic
Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (PDF KB)
Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (Text KB)