Blog Archive

Wednesday, July 21, 2010

Mass transport induced by internal Kelvin waves beneath shore-fast ice, by Eivind Støylen & Jan Erik H. Weber, J. Geophys. Res., 115 (2010)

Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, C03022, 9 pp., 2010; doi: 10.1029/2009JC005298

Mass transport induced by internal Kelvin waves beneath shore-fast ice

Eivind Støylen and Jan Erik H. Weber
Department of Geosciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway


A one-layer reduced-gravity model is used to investigate the wave-induced mass flux in internal Kelvin waves along a straight coast beneath shore-fast ice. The waves are generated by barotropic tidal pumping at narrow sounds, and the ice lid introduces a no-slip condition for the horizontal wave motion. The mean Lagrangian fluxes to second order in wave steepness are obtained by integrating the equations of momentum and mass between the material interface and the surface. The mean flow is forced by the conventional radiation stress for internal wave motion, the mean pressure gradient due to the sloping surface, and the frictional drag at the boundaries. The equations that govern the mean fluxes are expressed in terms of mean Eulerian variables, while the wave forcing terms are given by the horizontal divergence of the Stokes flux. Analytical results show that the effect of friction induces a mean Eulerian flux along the coast that is comparable to the Stokes flux. In addition, the horizontal divergence of the total mean flux along the coast induces a small mass flux in the cross-shore direction. This flux changes the mean thickness of the upper layer outside the trapping region and may facilitate geostrophically balanced boundary currents in enclosed basins. This is indeed demonstrated by numerical solutions of the flux equations for confined areas larger than the trapping region. Application of the theory to Arctic waters is discussed, with emphasis on the transport of biological material and pollutants in nearshore regions. 

Received 22 January 2009; accepted 28 October 2009; published 26 March 2010.

Støylen, E., & J. E. H. Weber (2010), Mass transport induced by internal Kelvin waves beneath shore-fast ice, J. Geophys. Res., 115, C03022; doi: 10.1029/2009JC005298. 

No comments: