Blog Archive

Tuesday, June 2, 2009

K. Takata, K. Saito, T. Yasunari, PNAS 2009, Changes in the Asian monsoon climate during 1700–1850 induced by preindustrial cultivation

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, (June 1, 2009), Vol. xxx, No. xx, pp. xx-xx.

Changes in the Asian monsoon climate during 1700–1850 induced by preindustrial cultivation

  1. Kumiko Takataa,1,
  2. Kazuyuki Saitoa,b and
  3. Tetsuzo Yasunaria,c
  1. aResearch Institute for Global Change, Japan Agency for Marine–Earth Science and Technology, 3173-25 Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-0001, Japan;
  2. bInternational Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, P.O. Box 757340, Fairbanks, AK 99775-7340; and
  3. cHydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi 464-8601, Japan
  1. Edited by Ray S. Bradley, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, and accepted by the Editorial Board April 15, 2009 (received for review July 31, 2008)


Preindustrial changes in the Asian summer monsoon climate from the 1700s to the 1850s were estimated with an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM) using historical global land cover/use change data reconstructed for the last 300 years. Extended cultivation resulted in a decrease in monsoon rainfall over the Indian subcontinent and southeastern China and an associated weakening of the Asian summer monsoon circulation. The precipitation decrease in India was marked and was consistent with the observational changes derived from examining the Himalayan ice cores for the concurrent period. Between the 1700s and the 1850s, the anthropogenic increases in greenhouse gases and aerosols were still minor; also, no long-term trends in natural climate variations, such as those caused by the ocean, solar activity, or volcanoes, were reported. Thus, we propose that the land cover/use change was the major source of disturbances to the climate during that period. This report will set forward quantitative examination of the actual impacts of land cover/use changes on Asian monsoons, relative to the impact of greenhouse gases and aerosols, viewed in the context of global warming on the interannual, decadal, and centennial time scales.

Link to abstract:

No comments: