Blog Archive

Wednesday, February 18, 2009

R. G. Graversen & M. Wang, Climate Dynamics, Polar amplification in a coupled climate model with locked albedo

Climate Dynamics, (2009); DOI: 10.1007/s00382-009-0535-6

Polar amplification in a coupled climate model with locked albedo

Rune Grand Graversen (Department of Meteorology, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden, and Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute, Wilhelminalaan 10, 3732 GK De Bilt, The Netherlands) and Minghuai Wang (Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA)

(Received April 2008; accepted 23 January 2009; published online 11 February 2009)


In recent years, a substantial reduction of the sea ice in the Arctic has been observed. At the same time, the near-surface air in this region is warming at a rate almost twice as large as the global average—this phenomenon is known as the Arctic amplification. The role of the ice-albedo feedback for the Arctic amplification is still a matter of debate. Here the effect of the surface-albedo feedback (SAF) was studied using a coupled climate model CCSM3 from the National Center for Atmospheric Research. Experiments, where the SAF was suppressed by locking the surface albedo in the entire coupled model system, were conducted. The results reveal polar temperature amplification when this model, with suppressed albedo, is forced by a doubling of the atmospheric CO2 content. Comparisons with variable albedo experiments show that SAF amplifies the surface-temperature response in the Arctic area by about 33%, whereas the corresponding value for the global-mean surface temperature is about 15%. Even though SAF is an important process underlying excessive warming at high latitudes, the Arctic amplification is only 15% larger in the variable than in the locked-albedo experiments. It is found that an increase of water vapour and total cloud cover lead to a greenhouse effect, which is larger in the Arctic than at lower latitudes. This is expected to explain a part of the Arctic surface–air-temperature amplification.

Link to abstract:

No comments: